Posts from September, 2018

Real-Life Rabies Cases That Might Surprise You

real-life rabies casesDo you understand the seriousness of Rabies?  It’s 100% fatal!  Now that’s serious.  For animals, there is no treatment, but a simple vaccine can protect your pet.  Fortunately, for humans, there is a treatment that can save lives if started in time.  There are things that you can do to protect yourself, your family and your pets from Rabies.  These real-life rabies cases might surprise you. Continue…

Dog Safety for Kids: Know Your ABC’s

dog safety for kidsKids and dogs seem like a match made in heaven—but it’s important for kids to know how to stay safe around dogs. Kids tend to be noisy and move quickly, which can make dogs feel insecure or scared. Any dog can bite if they feel threatened. ANY DOG CAN BITE. To help your kids stay safe and avoid being bitten by a dog, teach them these simple ABCs of dog safety for kids. Continue…

Understanding Rabies: Know The Facts

Rabies

What does To Kill A Mockingbird, Cujo, Their Eyes Were Watching God and Old Yeller all have in common?  Besides being great fictional works of literature, they all contain a Rabies victim.    September 28th is World Rabies Day which was designed to increase community awareness of Rabies and its prevention.  This week Dr. Anna Coffin reveals all the facts. Continue…

The Last Gentle Goodbye: How Will I Know It’s Time?

How Will I Know It's Time?Working at a pet hospital means seeing all sides of life: joyous births, clumsy youths, hale, and hearty adults, failing seniors, and eventually death. We sometimes care for patients from nearly the time they enter this world until the moment they leave it. We learn that certain symptoms mean it’s time to speak in gentle tones, that clients have questions they don’t know how to ask, and that sometimes the only thing you can do is slide over a box of tissues and leave them to their tears.  We all try very hard to make difficult situations as easy to navigate as possible. Sometimes events play out to which we are all-staff and owners alike-merely observers, never having the opportunity to affect the outcome of a patient’s condition. Sometimes we must provide choices no one wants to hear for a result no one should have to endure. And sometimes we find that we, ourselves are on the other side of the exam table being given results and choices we aren’t ready to face, even with all our experience and training. That is where I found myself last week as I struggled to find the courage to say a gentle goodbye to my boy Tank.  I’m hoping my experience may help you understand How will I know it’s time. Continue…

The Dangers of Rabies Transmission To Humans And Rabies Treatment

Rabies treatmentAn infected animal’s saliva transmits the Rabies virus typically from a bite wound.  Other less common modes of transmission include scratches, aerosolized into the respiratory tract or during human transplanting of organs.  Unfortunately, Rabies is fatal once symptoms begin to manifest.  It is imperative to begin rabies treatment before symptoms appear.

 

 

Worldwide, 69,000 people die every year from Rabies.  Fortunately, Rabies cases in the United States are rare.  There are only 1 to 3 cases reported annually.  Bats are the major source of Rabies transmission to humans in the United States.  The CDC recommends Rabies treatment to any person encountering a bat, even if there is no bite exposure.  In 2017, a five-year-old boy in Florida died from Rabies after a non-bite contact with a bat.  Despite the low number of human Rabies cases within the United States, 25,000 to 40,000 people receive rabies treatment yearly in the United States after exposure to rabid or potentially rabid animals, especially animals that escape after biting.

A Rabies vaccine is available for prevention of the disease.  Veterinarians, animal handlers and laboratory personnel, should consider routine immunization.  Vaccinated individuals exposed to the Rabies virus only need to receive two doses of vaccines.  One vaccine as soon after exposure as possible and the second vaccine three days later.

When to seek Rabies treatment:

  • A bite from a vaccinated domestic animal does not warrant rabies treatment. However, in some states, public health officials require quarantining the pet for ten days to monitor for signs of Rabies.
  • When deemed necessary by public health officials, the person should begin Rabies treatment immediately. In many of these cases, the animal is unavailable for testing, and the person must complete treatment.  Treatment can be stopped if the animal is available and tests negative for Rabies.
  • Any contact with a bat.

Rabies treatment:

  • Wash the wound with soap and water; cleaning with povidone solution or 70% alcohol will reduce transmission of the virus.
  • Doctors administer a single injection of immunoglobins around the bite wound. In the event of a non-bite exposure, then the doctor injects the immunoglobin into the butt.
  • After the immunoglobin injection, doctors give a series of five Rabies vaccine on day 1, 3, 7, 14 and 28.

Dr. Anna Coffin says the best way to protect yourself from exposure to Rabies is not to handle wildlife or stray animals.  If you live within city limits, call the city animal control officer.  For those living in the country, contact your local sheriff’s office or game warden.  Don’t forget to vaccinate your dogs and cats for Rabies, even if they don’t go outside.

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